Thursday, June 25, 2015

A to Z: Cultural Perspectives in Education

Vaughan M. Blaney
BSc(UNB,Canada), BEd(UNB,Canada), TEFLA(University of Cambridge), MEd(HKU, Hong Kong)

Book: "A to Z: Cultural Perspectives in Education"

The Letter 'T'...

Turning to my classmates
Listening to our sound
Laughter, love and learning
Music all around

Though we are very different, all can agree that we:  
  • can tell time 
  • would like to see a tyrannosaurus rex 
  • stay safely at home when there is a typhoon
  • know that it is always best to tell the truth
  • recognize some things that are taboo
  • have become aware of the word ‘terrorism
  • love our teacher
  • know to give before we take
  • recognize that we live in a world of advanced technology
  • know how to print the letter T

Aspects of self (private, public, and collective) are differentially sampled in different cultures, depending on the complexity, level of individualism, and looseness of the culture. The more complex, individualistic, and loose the culture, the more likely it is that people will sample the private self and the less likely it is that they will sample the collective self. When people sample the collective self, they are more likely to be influenced by the norms, role definitions, and values of the particular collective, than when they do not sample the collective self. When they are so influenced by a collective, they are likely to behave in ways considered appropriate by members of that collective. The more they sample the private self, the more their behavior can be accounted for by exchange theory and can be described as an exchange relationship. The more they sample the collective self, the less their behavior can be accounted for by exchange theory; it can be described as a communal relationship. However, social behavior is more likely to be communal when the target of that behavior is an ingroup member than when the target is an outgroup member … When the culture is both collectivist and tight, the public self is particularly likely to be sampled. In short, a major determinant of social behavior is the kind of self that operates in the particular culture. 

Triandis, Harry C.

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